Background: Although the role of monitoring and evaluation (M&E) in enhancing evidencebased management in development work is increasingly recognised, M&E remains underutilised as a vital tool in informing climate change mitigation and adaptation interventions in many developing countries. Practitioners in climate change mitigation and adaptation interventions are yet to exploit M&E to enhance effectiveness of their programmes. Objectives: This article underscores the critical role that M&E can and should play in enhancing effectiveness of climate change mitigation and adaptation interventions in developing countries. It provides a scholarly look at M&E and its visibility in climate change mitigation and adaptation work, the evidence of its role in mitigation and adaptation interventions across developing nations and the missing gaps in utilisation of M&E for mitigation and adaptation. This article presents key insights that practitioners need to design effective M&E systems for climate change mitigation and adaptation. Methods: The article was compiled based on Cooper’s stages of literature review 1984. A total of 15 peer-reviewed articles, a few eBooks and hard copy textbooks as well as reports from credible international organisations that met the inclusion criteria of focus, goal and coverage on M&E and climate change mitigation and adaptation were reviewed. Results: The findings show that M&E can be used as an effective tool for learning, informing evidence-based decision-making, promoting accountability and helping organisations to improve on climate change mitigation and adaptation interventions. Conclusion: M&E if well designed and implemented can be handy and useful in informing climate change mitigation and adaptation interventions.
Abstract This paper describes bailouts as a contentious issue but rather critical element for improving competitiveness of business in Uganda. Existing research points reveals that bailouts on the large have not yielded expected returns. In some instances though bailouts have saved firms, employment and enabled firms to bounce back in national tax revenue base. Based on interviews, documentary reviews and monitoring of talk shows on television and radio, this paper concludes that bailouts are not bad a practice by governments but lack of an objective and systematic framework to guide the process of managing bailouts. The outcome of this study point to the need to develop a framework that would enable bailout to support business recovery and competitiveness. These findings of this study are relevant not only for Uganda but for countries with similar situations such as Syria, European Union(EU), Greece that are faced with challenge of firms that are exposed to receivership, filing for bankruptcy and liquidation amidst a lack of bailouts framework, increasing the role of government in improving business competitiveness.
Keywords; Bailouts, Competitiveness, Leverage bailout framework
Objective: Since the 1990s studies on how stakeholders in higher education perceive quality have burgeoned. Nevertheless, the majority of studies on perception of quality in higher education focus on students and employers. The few studies on academics’ perceptions of quality in higher education treat academics as a homogeneous group and, therefore, do not point out cross disciplinary perspectives in perceptions of quality. This article explores how academics across six disciplines perceive quality in higher education.